|There are many
,clearly Jesus Christ, is described as faithful and true. The word “true” in the Greek carries two
meanings: the one who brings truth,
and also “the real thing.” The crowns
(Greek diadems) are those of a king.
The horse is symbolic of conquest (as opposed to the donkey); the white horse implies purity.
|Smith sees a literal
horse here. This is the opening of the
great debate: is this passage to be
taken as literal return or symbolic scene in heaven only?
which no one knows has caused much speculation. Here are some of the thoughts:
|• Kurios, or Lord
|• Maybe we’ll finally
get the right vowels for YHWH.
|• a name which cannot
be revealed until then
|• by being unknown,
it implies no one has power over Christ.
|• it may imply that
no mortal can ever fully know him
exists also about the name on the thigh.
It may be engraved on the scabbard, or other article of clothing; it may be on the armor “skirt” (often done
to make it easy for a foot soldier to read), or it may be the then-common
fashion with statues of writing the name of the person on the thigh.
dipped in blood is clearly a reference to Isaiah 63:1-4, which makes this
blood the blood of his enemies.
|The Armies of
Heaven also are disputed. Some see
this (with much justification from the Old Testament) as the heavenly host --
the angels. Others see the (raptured)
saints; or the saints of the Old
Testament period. Talbot suggests all
of the above.
|The sharp sword
in some sense must suggest Jesus as “The Word”; it is the most common symbolic use of the
sword. Lindsey sees a literal sword
(of some sort), again as part of the Pre/Post Millennial debate. (See verse 21 for a justification of this
thought runs like this:
|• This entire passage
is highly symbolic; therefore, there
is no specific requirement to interpret it literally (e.g., Smith’s horse).
|• In particular, the
symbol of the sword implies the world wide victory of the Gospel.
|• The passage itself
never actually states that Christ has returned; other passages place his return directly
before the judgment.
|One last on
this: the futurists are absolutely
certain of their view. The
historicists unanimously proclaim their views with a great deal of humility. This may be a very Christian attitude but
it does not convince the multitude of 20th century Christianity in America.