Gen 1:26-28 NASB
Then God said, "Let Us make man in Our image, according to Our likeness;
and let them rule over the fish of the sea and over the birds of the sky and
over the cattle and over all the earth, and over every creeping thing that
creeps on the earth." (27) God created
man in His own image, in the image of God He created him; male and female He
created them. (28) God blessed them; and God
said to them, "Be fruitful and multiply, and fill the earth, and subdue
it; and rule over the fish of the sea and over the birds of the sky and over
every living thing that moves on the earth."
are a few simple things I would point out. This baseline Scripture shows no
evidence of any rule by Adam over Eve. As we shall see later, this is because
there is no sin. So, in the sinless state, we see this:
the plural “Our.” This is an indication of the Trinity – and a clear
statement that all the persons of God were involved in the creation of man
you may also note the “image.” Mankind is made in the image of God.
Whatever that means. One thing is sure: later, mankind would be offered
the opportunity to become children of God.
– in this sinless state – Adam and Eve (note the plural in vs. 26) are
given dominion. (After the Fall, it’s stewardship.)
Gen 2:21-24 NASB
So the LORD God caused a deep sleep to fall upon the man, and he slept; then He
took one of his ribs and closed up the flesh at that place. (22) The LORD God fashioned into a woman the rib
which He had taken from the man, and brought her to the man. (23) The man said, "This is now bone of my
bones, And flesh of my flesh; She shall be called Woman, Because she was taken
out of Man." (24) For this reason a man
shall leave his father and his mother, and be joined to his wife; and they
shall become one flesh.
have much to say about the submission of wives to their husbands, but it must
be said in the context of the entire Bible. We might here see:
of my flesh” – there is an intrinsic equality to man and woman. We are
made of the same stuff.
this reason” – marriage is given so that the man leaves the home of his
youth and sets up his own household. Every marriage is, in a sense, a
re-enactment of the creation of Eve. Roughly speaking, marriage is not
two planets in mutual orbit; it’s two people making a great team.
takes this further; he tells us that mere sexual union makes the two one
This is a point which is overdue for preaching.
this point, we can make some statements which seem to be justified as
portraying the marriage relationship:
is no fundamental difference between the sexes
– at least as concerns spiritual, eternal things. Sex is simply a role
assigned to each of us; the objective is to know what that role requires
and deliver it.
oneness of the church is proclaimed in the oneness of marriage.
When the lordship of Christ over the church is proclaimed, the lordship of
the husband is also proclaimed.
revelation of the Fatherhood of God implies that the children of God are
co-equal in His eyes.
we see things today. But as yet this takes no account of the original sin –
and Eve’s part in it.
seduction of Adam
Genesis Three, we see the original version of “serial seduction.” Satan
entices Eve, she entices Adam. There is a troubling conclusion there for the
feminist; it implies that Satan knew which of the two would be less resistant.
The woman is Satan’s back door approach to the man. (Think of Samson and
than that, notice the approach itself. Satan’s approach:
he twists the words of God, to make them appear like He no longer meant
what He said. (Do you really need another reason to study the Scripture?)
he portrays the evil as enlightening. Wouldn’t you really rather
be one of the in crowd, suave and sophisticated?
Eve eats; misery loves company and she has Adam do likewise. Sure enough,
Satan was right: they now know good from evil. The hard way.
penalty: death and…
Adam and Eve were warned that eating that fruit would be the death of them.
But to that penalty God now adds something specific for each sex. For Eve:
desire will be her dominion. She’s the one who’s going to be attached to
him, not the other way around. It’s still true today. How many times
have you seen a Christian woman make a terrible choice of a husband? How
often do you see the man make such a choice?
pain in childbirth.
– she is also promised the eventual conqueror of sin. It is a prophecy,
in retrospect, of the virgin birth.
how does this all sort out in the New Testament?
1Ti 2:9-15 NASB
Likewise, I want women to adorn
themselves with proper clothing, modestly and discreetly, not with braided hair
and gold or pearls or costly garments, (10)
but rather by means of good works, as is proper for women making a claim to
godliness. (11) A woman must quietly receive
instruction with entire submissiveness. (12)
But I do not allow a woman to teach or exercise authority over a man, but to
remain quiet. (13) For it was Adam who was
first created, and then Eve. (14) And it was
not Adam who was deceived, but the woman
being deceived, fell into transgression. (15)
But women will be preserved through the
bearing of children if they continue in faith and love and sanctity with
note that Paul’s words here are in the context of public instruction. This is
not “just cultural.” (It would be very convenient for Christian feminists if
so, but read what he said.) There is clearly a difference between men and
women here; Paul ties it back to Adam and Eve. That difference is in
authority; the result of which is shown in what Paul prescribes and
are to receive instruction quietly. We may therefore conclude that a
woman is to learn (receive instruction) just as the men are. There is no
sense of “keep her ignorant” in this. But there is a sense that she is to
receive her instruction in submission.
are not permitted to exercise authority over men. Again, please note that
this is in the context of instruction.
are to receive such instruction in “entire submissiveness.” There is a
sense here of quiet, gentle humility which has been lost in the modern
brings us, therefore, to the question of authority and submission as it applies
and Submission in Marriage
subject can indeed be amplified upon, but there are a few points which I would
make as background understanding of authority in the kingdom of God.
it is not the same as authority in the world. In the kingdom, authority
must aim for perfection, not “good enough.”
is given to man primarily to deal with the effects of sin.
We have policemen because there are criminals.
in the kingdom is defined by the responsibility given. For example, as a
teacher I control the debate in the classroom; I, and no one else, for I
have been given the responsibility of teaching.
what, then, are the husband’s responsibilities?
husband’s authority is given by his responsibilities. Here’s a list:
is to have sex with her, not depriving her of it.
is to live with her in an understanding way, noting that she is the weaker
sex – and honoring her as a fellow-heir of the kingdom.
is to love her, and not become embittered with her.
is responsible for her sanctification.
In other words, he is to be the spiritual leader in the home.
are to do all this while acknowledging the authority of Christ over the
I put the question to the women: would you deny your husband the submission
necessary to do these things?
model of leadership
husband should know that his model for leadership in the marriage comes from
Christ Himself. He did not come to be served, but to serve.
Eve is noted primarily for her role in the Original Sin, but the one born of
woman came to end that. The husband’s authority is given because there is sin
in the world; the day will come when that authority will no longer be needed.
The Seed of Eve has seen to that.